In order for something to be considered a 2D material, the substance has to be extremely thin; atomically thin, in fact. Due to previous technologies that we had available, this feat was nearly impossible, as there was nothing to really stabilize the thin layer of molecules. However, Researchers at the University of Vienna, in collaboration with the Universities of Tübingen, Antwerp and CY Cergy Paris and working with Danubia NanoTech, have cracked the code and found that by “sandwiching” the sheet of molecules in 2 layers of graphene, the material can become stable enough to work with.
As best stated by Kimmo Mustosen, who is the lead author of the study: “These are truly exciting times”. 2D materials have a lot of potential, in not only enhancing current materials and technologies that we have access to but in creating new ones entirely. Combined with the universality of the technique since it can be used to create almost any material, the availability of 2D materials will likely prove to be an open door with new components and technology.